Brexit: Receiving goods from the European Union

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Receiving goods from the European Union (EU) will now be treated in the same way as receiving goods from non-EU countries. For the import of most goods not exceeding £135 the point at which VAT is collected will mostly be at the point of sale rather than the point of importation making it United Kingdom […]

Why you should focus on your online presence in 2021!

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The digital sector is one of the United Kingdoms (UK) most important sectors. It has a substantial economic value and has the potential to increase growth and innovation. The UK’s government has continued to improve policy and prepare legislation, that acknowledges the benefits of an open and thriving digital sector. In the UK’s non-financial sector e-commerce […]

What governs E-signatures?

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This article is going to discuss the use of Electronic signatures. E-signatures are recognised under English law. The legal framework for e-signatures in the United Kingdom (UK) is founded on the Electronic Services Regulations 2014, also known as eIDAS. It came into effect on 1 July 2016 and was applied in the UK with the […]

UK Ambassador addresses the WTO

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Julian Braithwaite, the United Kingdoms (UK) Ambassador to the World Trade Organisation (WTO) delivered a statement during the WTO Joint Initiative on E-Commerce plenary session. He said that the UK has written its own text proposals which sets out the UK’s position on; personal information protection; custom duties on electronic transmissions; source code; cross-border transfer […]

TikTok influencer reprimanded by the Advertising Standards Authority

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On the 14 June 2020, Emily Canham posted a video on her TikTok account which featured her using a GHD branded hairdryer and straighteners. The caption alongside the video said, “hiii just a lil psa there’s 20% off the GHD website TODAY ONLY with the code EMILY… #fyp #foryourpage”. The post was challenged at to […]

European Commission sends statement of objections to Amazon regarding antitrust rules

The European Commission has told Amazon that in its preliminary view, Amazon has breached EU antitrust rules by distorting competition in online retail markets. Amazon has two roles on its platform. First, it offers a marketplace where independent businesses can sell their products directly to consumers. Second, Amazon sells its own products on the same […]

What is the internet of things?

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The internet of things (IOT) has been defined as a, ‘system consisting of networks of sensors, actuators and smart objects whose purpose is to interconnect all things.’ The IOT are the most significant developing technologies in recent years. Current applications of the IOT include: The Health sectors – monitoring patients. Agricultural – using drones and […]


As cybercrime is such a broad area that can be linked to traditional crimes, as well as computer only crimes, there is no consistent definition of cybercrime. However, it has been stated that computers need to be either the target or the tool of the crime for it to be considered a cybercrime. Cybercrime tends […]

Cyber-dependant crime

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Cyber-dependant crimes can only be committed using a computer and in these offences, technology is usually also the target. This can be as simple as unauthorised access to a computer by logging into a system without permission, or as sophisticated as hackers gaining remote access. Fraudulent emails asking for personal and security information known as […]

E-commerce regulatory bodies

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This piece is going to briefly discuss the regulatory bodies that are an authority of e-commerce and associated areas. There is no regulatory body that has overall responsibility for the regulation of e-commerce. There are several bodies that enforce certain laws that apply to e-commerce. Some of which are: Chartered Trading Standards Institute – Protects […]