Do you use direct marketing?

talking about personal data

This article is a brief guide to the rules on unsolicited electronic direct marketing communications such as text, automated calls, live calls, fax, and emails. These rules apply to corporate bodies and individuals under the Privacy and Electronic Communications Regulations (PECR) 2003 and the main features of the General Data Protection Regulations (GDPR) and the […]

A brief note about e-commerce financial services after Brexit.

Cartoon of two dogs talking to each other next to a computer4

The United Kingdom (UK) is in the transition/implementation period which currently ends on the 31 December 2020. During this period, the UK is mostly treated as if it were still a European Union (EU) Member State. During the transition period trade negotiations are taking place, but what happens to e-commerce and financial services if the […]

What are the banned commercial practices?

two goldfish - one has more stuff inside the bowl than the other

Schedule 1 of the Consumer Protection from Unfair Trading Regulations 2008 (CPUT) contains a list of 31 prohibited practices. These practices are (in all circumstances) unfair and therefore banned outright. The 31 practices are as followed: Code of conduct signatory claims. This is claiming to be a signatory to a code of conduct when the […]

What are unfair commercial practices?

picture of writing that says 'be fair'

The Consumer Protection from Unfair Trading Regulations 2008 (CPUT) regulates what commercial practices by a trader towards a consumer should be considered as unfair. New civil redress for consumer provisions were introduced into the CPUT in 2014, along with updating certain defined terms to synchronise with other consumer protection law by the Consumer Protection (Amendment) […]

What is copyright infringement?

Orange background, blue icon representing copyright

The Copyright Designs and Patents Act 1988 details two types of copyright infringement. They are primary infringement and secondary infringement. Primary infringements are ‘strict liability’ torts, which means no knowledge or intention is needed to be shown by the defendant to establish liability. For secondary infringements, the defendant needs to have had certain knowledge, or […]